The trope of the mystical disabled person is varied, flexible, and very common.
At its core, it’s about a disabled character — frequently mentally ill, developmentally disabled, and/or blind — with an unusual ability. While this trope is related to that of the “disability superpower” and often overlaps, I feel like it has a unique status of its own. Rather than just any superpower, these abilities are often unexplained and mysterious; the characters either hold or are the clue to saving the day, giving them a unique, mystical role in the plot.
A blind girl who’s the only one to see the ghosts haunting the main characters.
A little kid with Down’s syndrome who solves the riddle everyone is struggling with.
A schizophrenic person whose seemingly nonsensical ramblings hold the clue to the mystery.
An autistic boy with world-altering powers beyond anyone’s comprehension.
(And on and on.)
All of these characters are ridiculously easy to imagine because we see them so often. They’re most common in SFF settings, where either they’ll be the only person with a magical ability, or — in a world where these abilities are commonplace — theirs will be the rarest, strongest, or most important. They also appear in settings without any supernatural aspects, in which case the character often has savant-like abilities or unusual insight.
One of the typical things about this trope is that the characters usually aren’t well-rounded, realistic, grounded characters. They’re Othered. They’re ooh-ed and aah-ed over, feared or worshiped, set apart. They’re unusual. They’re mystical. They’re mysterious. They’re different. They’re unexplained.
They’re rarely just a regular person dealing with their own crap alongside the rest of the cast. Instead, their disability and their ability — and the seeming contradiction thereof — are defining aspects of their characters.
Dinah Bellman from The Langoliers.
Little Pete from Gone.
Kazan from The Cube.
Gabriel from FlashForward.
Kevin Blake from Eureka.
(And on and on.)
Writers are often intrigued by the unusual. We see something interesting and our mind starts working overtime, thinking of how to integrate this into a story. This results in seeing a disabled person and thinking of how differently that person must perceive the world, and how that could be used for plot purposes. Or we’ll need a character to perform a certain task for story reasons, but putting that ability in the hands of a non-disabled character would ruin the plot. Instead, we hand that ability to a disabled character. That way we have a great excuse to only trot out the ability when it’s convenient to the story. Or maybe we don’t want to explain the reason for the ability, so we just give it to a disabled person. They’re different as is! It’ll be all mysterious and creepy!
There are all kinds of reasons for writers to fall back on this trope, but that doesn’t make it OK. It’s based on existing prejudices and misinformation. Just give disabled characters roles like any other character in the book rather than setting us apart.
John Coffey from The Green Mile.
Jake Bohm from Touch.
Lil’ Bro from NYX.
Duddits from Dreamcatcher.
River Tam from Firefly.
(And on and on.)
I want to encourage writers to start recognizing these characters when they occur, and to steer clear from them in their own fiction. We don’t need some mystical ability to make up for our disabilities. We should not only exist to impart meaningful advice. And we’re not prophets or plot devices.